Thursday, July 2, 2020

Power vs. Intelligence - Literature Essay Samples

In Shakespeares King Lear, the characters in a position of power are most often the ones who are blindest to the truth. Only after losing that power are they able to gain a clear understanding of the events occurring around them and to realize who their true friends and enemies are. The converse is true as well. Those characters with no power are usually the ones who can see the true motives of other characters. This inverse relationship between power and knowledge is most clearly reflected in four characters: Gloucester, King Lear, the Fool, and Kent.In Gloucesters situation, his power can be equated with his vision. A member of the court, Gloucester has the noble title of earl. In this high position, he is not aware of the motivations behind the actions of those around him. His own son, Edmund, deceives him. Angry at being the illegitimate son and greedy for inheritance, Edmund convinces his father that his other son, Edgar, is plotting to kill him. This does not require m uch effort since Gloucester quickly believes Edmund. Although they plan to meet again to determine whether Edgar really is conspiring against his father, it seems as if Gloucester already believes Edgar to be guilty. This can be seen in the way he refers to Edgar as he instructs Edmund to find out this villain (I.2.115). The next time they meet, Gloucester finds Edmund injured. Although he does not see what happens, Gloucester is easily tricked into believing that Edgar attacked him. At this point, Gloucester is mistakenly convinced that Edgar is the evil son and that Edmund is the good son. He then rewards Edmund, telling him, and of my land, Ill work the means to make thee capable (II.1.83-85). Gloucester learns to see only in his blindness. Six lines after Cornwall completely blinds Gloucester, Gloucester discovers the truth. When he is injured, Gloucester calls out for Edmund to help, but Cornwall quickly informs him that it was [Edmund] that made the overture of thy t reasons to us (III.7.89-90). It is here that Gloucester understands what is happening, exclaiming, O my follies! Then Edgar was abused (III.7.92). Aside from this realization, Gloucester also gains other knowledge in his state of blindness. For one thing, he is less easily persuaded by others. When Edgar tries to convince his father that they are on a hill, Gloucester states, Methinks the ground is even (IV.6.3). His newfound insight is also evident in his encounter with Edgar. When Gloucester could see, he does not recognize his son, asking What are you there? Your names? (III.4.127), when he sees Edgar. After he is blinded, however, he connects Tom Bedlam with Edgar saying, I such a fellow saw My son came then into my mind (IV.1.33-35). Now that he is blind and powerless, he is suddenly more perceptive to the world around him.King Lear experiences a similar exchange between power and knowledge. As ruler of his kingdom, he is first presented in the play as a man with the most power. However, he is also unable to recognize who his friends and enemies are. First, his daughters, Goneril and Regan, easily deceive him. They tell him that they both love him the most, more than word can wield the matter (I.1.55). He believes their lies and divides the kingdom between them, while leaving nothing to his other daughter, Cordelia, who truly loves him. Simply because she refuses to flatter him, he was unable to see the reality of Cordelias true love for him. As a result, he banishes her from his kingdom with the following words: for we have no such daughter, nor shall ever see that face of her again. Therefore be gone without our grace, our love, our benison (I.1.265-267). King Lear also punishes one of his most loyal followers, Kent. Kent sees Cordelias true love for her father, and tries to advise him against making a mistake. Instead, Lear irrationally prefers to believe in Goneril and Regans lies and banishes Kent also. Not only is King Lear una ble to see the evil in his own personal life, but also that of the kingdom. He neglects the poor and does not even acknowledge the existence of poverty in his land. Once Lear gives up his kingdom, however, his lower position allows him to see the truth. He descends into a position of total powerlessness once he is locked out of the castle during a tremendous storm. At this point, he has nowhere to go and cannot even keep his train of men. He now realizes how wicked his two eldest daughters really are, referring to them as pernicious (III.2.22). During the storm, he also sees the poverty in his kingdom, which he fails to recognize when he is in a position of power. Lear wonders how the houseless heads and unfed sides defend [the poor] from seasons such as these. He continues to say, O, I have taen too little care of this! (III.4.32-35), admitting his neglect toward the poor. More importantly, Lear sees through Cordelias lack of flattering and realizes that her love for him is so great that she could not express it in words. Unlike Gloucester and King Lear, the Fool does not experience a fall from power in order to gain knowledge. Instead, because he is already in a low position, he is able to be intelligent. One of two reasons why he already has knowledge is because of the way the other characters perceive him. Most people are not conscious of him, and when they are, they dismiss his presence as unimportant. When Kent asks who the Fool is, for example, the Gentleman answers, None but the fool (III.1.16). They basically see him as a nobody. As a result, the other characters do not pretend to be someone else. They are their true selves around him and thus, the Fool sees the truth. The second reason why his low position allows him to be intelligent stems from the first. Because the other characters do not consider him important, the Fool can say anything he wants and not anger anyone. No one is threatened by him or his statements, as is clear from the Kings actions. The Fools statements are usually much harsher than any other characters words. It is the other characters, however, who are punished while nothing happens to him. When Kent and Cordelia speak the truth, for example, the king becomes so angry that he banishes them from the kingdom. However, when the Fool criticizes the King with, The sweet and bitter fool will presently appear, the one in motley here, the other found out there (I.4.141-144), Lear only replies with, Dost thou call me fool, boy? (I.4.144). The Fool is basically calling the King a fool, but the King does not even get angry. Throughout the play, the Fool provides insight into the actions of the characters. The Fool shows his knowledge through ambiguous statements and clever witticism. The only problem is that no one takes him seriously. When the Fool advises Lear to speak less than thou knowest (I.4.116), Kent says, This is nothing, fool (I.4.125). The Fool also provides simple and clear reasoning for a one sighted King. The Fool only first appears the fourth scene of act 1, after Cordelia has moved away with the King of France. The Fool knows that Lear has done wrong by giving all his land away to his two evil daughters, and tells him so when he says, All thy other titles thou hast given away; that thou wast born with (I.4.146-147). The Fool is supposed to be an idiot, but he is anything but that. The one character in this play who is supposed to be the mad one, is in fact the one person who says things that make sense. Another character who reflects the inverse relationship between power and intelligence is Kent. He is first presented as an earl, a member of the court with a considerable amount of power. However, he is also knowledgeable since he is able to discern which daughters are good and evil. Because no character in King Lear can have both power and intelligence, Kent is quickly put into a position of no power once Lear banishes him. Throughout the rest of the play, Kent plays the role of Lears servant. Because he is in this low position, he can continue to be knowledgeable and take care of the King. In King Lear, power and knowledge do not go hand in hand. In order to obtain one, the other must be lost. This is clearly seen in our discussion of Gloucester, King Lear, Fool, and Kent. Gloucester and King Lear both have to give up their power in order to see what is going on. It is not coincidental that once they lose their power, they are able to see the truth. The Fool is the most knowledgeable character, but only because he has no power. And Kent is forced to become a powerless figure in order to continue his existence as a knowledgeable character.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Christianity The Rise Of Christianity - 1512 Words

Before the rise of Christianity as a major religion in the European area, Paganism was a belief that was common among all people across Europe. Paganism involved polytheistic beliefs with ritualistic tradition and animal sacrifice. This belief was common in the Anglo-Saxon tradition, which is from where the epic poem Beowulf is thought to have originated circa 550 AD. Due to the origins of Beowulf being surrounded by Pagan tradition and culture and reliance on the method of oral recitation of the story, the poem holds Pagan influences. Examples of these influences include the monsters that Beowulf faces in the story, idol worship, and burning the dead among many other elements. Also around the time of Beowulf, the rise of the Jesus Movement, which eventually became Christianity, was spreading rapidly around Europe. This also served an influence, as populations in Europe were quick to convert from Paganism to Christianity. Consequently, the story would have Christian ideals inserted w ithin during more recounts of the story orally, where Christian monks would transcribe the originally Anglo-Saxon text into language that upheld Christian values more than it did the Pagan values. The rise of Christianity was effective in bringing the epic story of Beowulf into the spotlight, but at the cost of some historic traditions that were associated with the text. Even though this is the case, Beowulf still retains some of its Pagan elements, in conjunction with its Christian elements.Show MoreRelatedRise Of Christianity : Christianity1456 Words   |  6 PagesRise of Christianity Essay Christianity is one of the largest religions in the world. With 2.2 billion adherents, it ranks above Islam, Atheists, and Hinduism. So why is this religion so well known? How did it get where it is today? Where did it start? It started with Jesus of Nazareth who was born in Bethlehem, the Messiah to the Jewish people, and crucified by the Romans. His life, works, death, and resurrection is what started Christianity. But that wasn’t the end of it. Christians would faceRead MoreChristianity And The Rise Of Christianity Essay1468 Words   |  6 Pages Christianity in the 21st century is the largest religion in the world and has over two billion followers. Christians classify themselves under 34,000 different denominations. This popular religion is all about the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. When a religion is born so is a holy book to remember it by. The bible is considered the word of God and is known for its infamous stories and sayings. The Bible contains rules and righteous acts to live by. Many question as to how ChristianityRead MoreChristianity And The Rise Of Christianity1395 Words   |  6 PagesChristianity is the historical religion stemming from the teachings of Jesus Christ in the 1st century AD. â€Å"Of all the great religions Christianity is the most widespread and has the largest number of adherents.† It is the world’s largest and most influential religion in history. Christianity can be found on every corner of the globe with nearly two billion followers at the beginning of the 21s t century. It is the predominant religion in Europe, the Americas, and Southern Africa. This religion basedRead MoreThe Rise Of Christianity And Christianity1816 Words   |  8 PagesChristianity began its succession into the most dominant worldwide religion after Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection. â€Å"We heard Him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with hands, and within three days build another made without hands.† Upon Jesus’ death and resurrection, he completed this task setting forth the development of Christianity. Since Jesus left no formal authoritative power, organization, or agreed upon scriptures, a wide variety of sects gained popularity in the development of ChristianityRead More The Rise Of Christianity Essay1320 Words   |  6 PagesThe rise of Christianity in philosophy One influential cult was based upon a mystical interpretation of Plato. Neo-Platonism was like a rational science that attempted to break down and describe every aspect of the divine essence and its relationship with the human soul. An Alexandrian Jew named Philo tried using Greek philosophy to interpret the Jewish scriptures. He wanted to unite the two traditions by suggesting that the Greek philosophers had been inspired by the same God who had revealedRead MoreThe Rise And The Spread Of Christianity Essay1154 Words   |  5 PagesThe rise and the spread of Christianity   The Christianity thought to have been rise at the time when Jesus began to predicate his lessons to his followers in Judea and Galilee round the year 30 A.D. Then, it was spreaded through the Hellenistic world including all Greek speaking cities administrated from the Roman Empire.   The   key figure of Christianity is Jesus, about him we learned only in the Paul`s letters, one of his followers lived during the 50`s – 60`s A.D.   Jesus born round 4 B.C.E in NazarethRead MoreThe Rise of Christianity vs. the Rise of Islam740 Words   |  3 PagesThe Rise of Christianity vs. the Rise of Islam The rise of Christianity and Islam happened during a turbulent time in history, when major civilizations like the Roman Empire and the Persian Empire were in decline due to political infighting, disease, and outside barbarians constantly applying pressure. Christianity was adopted in the heart of the Roman Empire, as a way to continue the influence of Rome, while not being able to control all of Europe militarily. (Rise of Christianity, 2012) ThereforeRead MoreEssay The Rise of Christianity Analysis944 Words   |  4 Pages Why has Christianity grown so fast and how it’s spread through so many different counties. From what I have gathered from the readings I think some of the major events that happened was the temples getting destroyed over and over until they finally just kind of gave up. Also, how they stayed with other people no matter poor rich hungry cold, they even stayed and help people when the plague was there. That was when the religion really started to spread, due to people seeing more Christians surviveRead MoreThe Contributions Of Paul On The Rise Of Christianity750 Words   |  3 PagesCharles Ellis HUM 1101 June 8, 2015 Chapter 4 Discussion Explain the contributions of Paul to the rise of Christianity. Paul of Tarsus is the most essential figure in early Christianity. His transformation to Christianity opened doors for the religion. Paul s associations, political aptitudes, and Roman citizenship gave opportunities other Christian pioneers needed. Paul s work made Christianity open for the masses and expanded its range past the Holy Land (Fiero 98). Paul was a Roman citizenRead MoreDecline of Biblical Christianity and Rise of Modern Christianity 1165 Words   |  5 PagesChristianity has quickly begun to lose its true meaning throughout the years. It’s when people use words like love and morals and common sense—they just don’t have the same meaning as they once did all those years ago. Christianity though, unlike the previously stated words, has been modernized in such ways that we have deceivingly altered things such as â€Å"The Ten Commandments† to foolishly fit our desired lifestyles. We have begun a modernization of Christianity I like to refer to as, Twenty-First

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt ) Essay - 1522 Words

Katie Empson S00191137 Assignment 1: Essay COUN222 What treatment approaches (if any) would you consider for these characters and why? Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that explores the notion that an individuals thoughts, beliefs and interpretations about themselves and the situations they are placed in are directly associated with their emotional responses and behaviour (Otte, 2013); that is, an individuals cognitive functions have a strong influence over their feelings and behaviours surrounding specific situations rather than external factors such events or other people and so, CBT follows the belief that by changing or challenging the way in which an individual perceives their thoughts and feelings can significantly reduce their symptoms and improve their overall functioning and quality of life (Hofmann, Asnaani, Vonk, Sawyer Fang, 2013). In CBT the patient is an active participant in the therapeutic process, collaborating with the therapist to modify their problematic behavioural patterns and to build new, healthy schemas. CBT is frequently used for the treatment of anxiety disorders (Otte, 2013). Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent class of mental disorders with a lifetime prevalence rate of 28.8% respectively (Hofmann Smits, 2008). Anxiety is a negative mood state characterised by bodily symptoms of tension and apprehension about the future (Barlow Durand, 2015). Although anxiety is a normal and often beneficial humanShow MoreRelatedCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )2001 Words   |  9 PagesINTRODUCTION Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is ubiquitous and a proven approach to treatment for a host of diverse psychological difficulties (Wedding Corsini, 2014). There are copious of acceptable created experiments that show to be highly useful in treating anxiety disorders through GAD Generalized Anxiety Disorder approach (Fawn Spiegler, 2008). The purpose of this assignment is to expound on the client’s demography and demonstrating concern. The first procedure in this assignment willRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )937 Words   |  4 PagesFirst and foremost, what is cognitive behavioral therapy? The Mayo Clinic website defines cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as a common type of psychotherapy, talk therapy, wherein the individual seeking therapy works with a mental health counselor in a structured way for a prescribed set of meeting. (web citation) CBT is a goal oriented therapeutic approach which allows the individual in therapy to identify troubling situations or conditions in their life; allows the individual to become awareRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )1373 Words   |  6 PagesLiterature Review Cognitive behavioral therapy is a widely-used technique that is practiced in a variety of different fields across the spectrum. Cognitive behavioral therapy is derived from the cognitive behavioral theory. According to Dorflinger (2016), Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a therapy approach that addresses maladaptive thoughts and behaviors that can negatively impact mood and overall function (p. 1286). Cognitive behavioral therapy is a mix between cognitive therapy and behaviorRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )1257 Words   |  6 Pages Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a short-term, empirically valid amalgamation of facets from cognitive and behavior therapies. Cognitive-behaviorists believe that psychological problems stem from maladaptivity in both thought and behavior patterns, whether self-taught or learned from others. Therefore, changes have to take place in both thoughts and actions. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is structured as collaboration between clie nt and therapist, focusing on the present. A prominent aspectRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt ) Essay935 Words   |  4 PagesCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a therapeutic approach that is based on a combination of cognitive and behavioral therapy. CBT focuses on how a person’s distorted thought process and inaccurate belief system influences their mood and behaviors. Once it can be identified, the blended therapy aims to change a person’s thinking to be more adaptive and healthy, which will lead to change unhealthy behavior patterns (National Institute of Mental Health, 2015). This type of psychotherapy has beenRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )1697 Words   |  7 PagesCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is one therapeutic approach that is capable of providing this group with effective psychotherapeutic treatment and interventions as well as approaches that enhances the effectiveness and efficiency of group therapy. Often developed for sk ills training, cognitive-behavioral groups are characterized by the use of practical interventions focused on behavior modification techniques (Wilson, Bouffard, and Mackenzie; 2005). The therapeutic goal of cognitive behavioralRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )1417 Words   |  6 Pagesgoals. In review of Elizabeth’s assessment, the models of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychotherapy will be reviewed in detail to determine which is best to be applied to her presenting clinical symptoms. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a widely utilized intervention within the field of social work practice. According to Hepworth (2011), it is considered to be the cornerstone of cognitive behavioral approaches (p.408-09). CBT focuses on the premise that thoughts trigger an emotionalRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt ) Essay1717 Words   |  7 PagesCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an insight-focused therapy that emphasizes the here-and-now. It is typically brief and time-limited, collaborative in nature, fairly structured and empirically based (Freeman, Felgoise, Nezu, Nezu, Reinecke, 2005). Aaron Beck is a major name that arises when discussing the origins of CBT. Beck (1970) contends that individual perceptions of events shape feelings and behaviors. This theory places emphasis on the concept of automatic thoughts. Automatic thoughtsRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )1990 Words   |  8 PagesCognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a branch of ps ychotherapy that encompasses several approaches; falling under the heading of CBT. CBT is based on the premise that people s emotional responses and behavior are strongly influenced by cognitions; the fundamental principle being: different cognitions give rise to different emotions and behaviors. CBT was developed out of a combination of both behavior and cognitive principles. CBT is the most empirically supported therapy model and is used toRead MoreCognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )2209 Words   |  9 Pagesto get the support they need because they do not have the appropriate resources. Furthermore, both therapy and medication do cost a price and not everyone is able to afford it. Treatment, such as therapy, is extremely important for people who suffer from anxiety and depression so that they are able to learn new strategies and overcome their struggles. In particular, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has become very popular and is currently being used by many practitioners in order to change patterns

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Community Health Nursing - 1626 Words

OUR LADY OF FATIMA UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF NURSING NCM 101 COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING Health Promotion and Public Health Health †¢ A State of complete physical, mental and social well- being, not merely an absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 1948). †¢ A State of being well and using every power the individual possesses to the fullest extent (Nightingale, 1969). †¢ Optimum Level of Functioning (OLOF) Determinants of Health (World Health Organization) †¢ The health of individuals and communities are, to a large extent, affected by a combination of many factors. 1. Income and social status – Higher income and social status are linked to better health. 2. Education – Low education levels are linked with poor health, more†¦show more content†¦Human resources development and planning in public health 7. Health promotion, social participation and empowerment 8. Ensuring the quality of personal and population based health services 9. Research, development and implementation of innovative public health solutions. Public Health Nursing †¢ It is a special field of nursing that combines the skills of nursing, public health and some phases of social assistance and functions as part of the total public health programme for the promotion of health, the improvement of the conditions in the social and physical environment, rehabilitation of illness and disability (WHO). †¢ Lillian Wald the director of Henry Street Settlement in New York coined the term â€Å"Public Health Nursing† to denote a service that was available to all people. The term public health nursing become associated with â€Å"public† or government agencies and in turn with the care of the poor people. †¢ The National League of Philippine Government Nurses came up with the Standards of Public Health Nursing in the Philippines 2005. This standards differentiated public health nursing and community health nursing in one area: setting of work as dictated by funding. - The Government is the employer of public health nurses at national and local health agencies. - Position title/ designation given to these nurses by the Civil Service Commission working in these agencies are Public Health Nurses. - The standardShow MoreRelatedCommunity Health For Community Nursing1605 Words   |  7 PagesCommunity Nursing Experience Health is a dynamic, changing state of well-being, which includes physical, mental, sociological, and cultural factors of both individual members and the whole family system (Kaakinen, Coehlo, Steele, Tabacco, Hanson, 2015, p. 5). The Health and well-being of individuals and families are important in order to attain a healthy lifestyle. Community health promotion allows nurses to work with individuals, families, and groups from diverse cultures, traditions and languagesRead MoreCommunity Health Nursing4829 Words   |  20 Pages1. Public health systems are operating within a context of ongoing changes, which exert a number of pressures on the public health system. These changes include all of the following, except: A. Health reforms B. Existing and emerging environmental hazards C. New technologies for health care D. None of the above 2. In response to the changes of the times, the UN General Assembly adopted a vision of poverty reduction and sustainable development. This is exemplified in theRead MoreCommunity Health Nursing4819 Words   |  20 Pages1. Public health systems are operating within a context of ongoing changes, which exert a number of pressures on the public health system. These changes include all of the following, except: A. Health reforms B. Existing and emerging environmental hazards C. New technologies for health care D. None of the above 2. In response to the changes of the times, the UN General Assembly adopted a vision of poverty reduction and sustainable development. This is exemplifiedRead MoreCommunity Health Nursing Reflection1262 Words   |  6 PagesCommunity Health Nursing Reflection NUR/405 August 7, 2012 Community Health Nursing Reflection According to Phyllis Meadows (2009), â€Å"Community health nurses are valued for their adaptability and willingness to provide care in many settings, including community health clinics, churches, homeless shelters, and schools,† (p. 19). Community health nurses aim to improve health outcomes and improve the infrastructure used to monitor and manage disease within the community. Healthy People 2020 hasRead MoreTransition For Community Health Nursing960 Words   |  4 PagesJournal Article Summary: Transition to Community Health Nursing The nursing profession offers an unlimited number of specialties and clinical areas for practice and employment focus. Nursing practice includes; surgery, labor and delivery, telemetry, intensive care unit, and even community nursing care. Furthermore, nurses can explore various degrees, ADN (associated in nursing diploma), baccalaureate nursing (BSN), and even nurse practitioner (NP) covering all areas of the healthcare spectrum. However;Read MoreCommunity And Public Health Nursing1852 Words   |  8 PagesPosition Paper 2 Abstract The focus of this paper is to describe community and public health nursing as it pertains to the disease, Malaria. Major concepts discussed include genomics, funding, laws and legislation, community education, and the role of the public health nurse. 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TheRead MoreCommunity Health Nursing Role in the Community Essay831 Words   |  4 PagesRunning head: Community Health Assignment #9 Nursing Role in Public/Community Health Lydia Knapp BSN Student of Muskingum University Abstract I will describe the role of one of the health nurses in Coshocton County for the smoking cessation study. I will describe her daily activities, funding of program, populations targeted, and how she is educating the community. Nursing Role in Public/Community Health I followed Linda Cox, R.N. for the Coshocton County Health Department for one dayRead MoreSchool Nursing As A Community Health Nursing Job1770 Words   |  8 Pagesbasis, a school nurse will encounter numerous health conditions, such as diabetes and seizure disorders, that he or she must provide interventions for (Five). The purpose of this paper is to discuss school nursing as a community health nursing job, to describe my day shadowing Beth Hilleman, the school nurse at Jonesboro Grade School, and the specific details of this program. Before my day shadowing, I was able to find some information about school nursing role from the journal article, the Role ofRead MoreCommunity Health Nursing Reflection Essay1087 Words   |  5 PagesCommunity Health Nursing Reflection Maria Jelyn Engelhardt-Parales NUR/405 August 27, 2012 Amy Weaver Community Health Nursing Reflection Community health nursing practice aims to improve community health by promoting a healthier group of people, individuals, families, and residents within the community. The goal is to maintain, preserve, and promote health by providing information, education, teachings, and health care services to the population. The focus is on the collective good of

Leadership Style Based On Rewards And Punishments For Work

Transformational leaders are emerging as organizations are consistently looking to improve, become larger, or increase interaction with their stakeholders or core audience. Organizations are asking leaders, now more than ever, to inspire creativity, evoke ownership, and engage followers to succeed within the confines of the organizational goals and mission. Transactional leadership still has a place in an organization’s leadership development; there is still a need for a leadership style based on rewards and punishments for work performed. A leader must know their weaknesses and strengths and learn to utilize the leadership style that best suits him or her. Adapting certain traits of different leadership styles proves to be beneficial and productive for both the leader and the team that they lead. Regardless of political affiliation or views one can look objectively at three dynamic female leaders who have emerged on the American political scene in recent years, Condoleezza Rice, Hillary Clinton and Nancy Pelosi. Each woman collectively possesses an abundance of self-awareness that has helped them reach posts of power within the American political system while breaking through and above the glass ceiling. Aptly described as a subcategory of transformational leadership, Authentic leadership has four core traits: self-awareness, internalized moral perspective, balanced processing, and relational transparency all of which seem to fit these two women (Northouse 2013, p.263).Show MoreRelatedMax Weber And The Transactional Leadership1033 Words   |  5 Pagestransactional leadership was firstly talked and elaborated in 1947 by Max Weber and described more in 1981 by Bernard M. Bass. It is a style of leadership that leaders provides their subordinates with rewards or punishments. It can be called management theories. This style mainly encourages and directs subordinates or followers by providing incentives. The power of this leadership derives from the control, rules and regulation of companies. Particularly, managers use the transactional style. (OdumeruRead MoreAuthoritarian And Authoritarian Leadership Style Essay1146 Words   |  5 Pages or autocratic, leadership tends to be viewed rather negatively, even though it is among the most common leadership styles in the business world. The term creates a negative image in most minds; an idea of dictators and tyrants. The images are directly translated into the world of leadership, even though authoritarian leadership can have much to offer. In this guide, we will examine the main concepts behind authoritarian leadership and study the core characteristics of the style and the leaders whoRead MoreTransactional Leadership : Leadership And Group Performance1168 Words   |  5 PagesTransactional Leadership Organizational leadership builds on traditional theories in order to form new and exciting directions. Transactional leadership is a traditional theory, which has been used as a platform to understand leadership and further develop techniques for higher organizational performance. The three components of transactional leadership help shape and define the style, but are not always strictly adhered to. There are many advantages and disadvantages of transformational leadership. KnowingRead MoreAssumption 3 : Subordinates For The Leader s Instructions And Objectives1696 Words   |  7 Pagesinstructions and objectives. The leadership style also assumes that subordinates hand out the authority to the leader when they sign a contract with the organisation. In exchange of the financial and other benefits, the subordinate is provided with for the work, the subordinate hands power to the leader. This exchange leads to the important assumption that the subordinate’s role is to obey the instructions and objectives set out by the leader. Unlikely in leadership theories such as laissez faire,Read MoreRoles And Responsibilities Of A Team Leader1666 Words   |  7 Pagesalways be the same. Leadership styles are different techniques/ways of leading a group or team. I have been tasked to describe, compare and evaluate the following 8 styles of leadership; - Authoritarian - Democratic - Laissez-faire - Transactional - Transformational - Bureaucratic - People orientated - Task orientated As well as this I need to identify the different roles and responsibilities of a team leader. The first style I will be looking at is â€Å"Autocratic† Leadership also known as â€Å"Authoritarian†Read MoreThe Effects Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder1749 Words   |  7 Pagesopposed to people. Leaders, who use this method, develop loyalty from their followers that serves as motivation. The next style is the participative approach, which promotes ownership amongst followers. The Air Force created a program called Air Force Smart Operations for the 21st Century (AFSO21). This program allows Airmen to develop process improvements to their immediate work centers to reduce workload, increase efficiency and improve Air Force capabilities. Air Force leaders realized that theRead MoreRewards1519 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Rewards Companies reward their employees with both tangible goods, as well as praise. For example, a sales department may offer a monthly bonus to the highest earner. Not all tangible rewards come in the form of money. Some companies host free lunches, or give away company gear to good workers. Many managers choose to reward their best employees by simply praising them for a job well done, or by recognizing the hard work they put in to a project. Workplace reward systems are incentive programs thatRead MoreLeadership Is Essential For Leadership Essay1310 Words   |  6 Pages Leadership is defined as â€Å"human communication which modifies the attitudes and behaviors of others in order to meet group goals and needs.† On paper this sounds so definite and fixed, but leadership is one the broadest and slightly complex topics of all. Leaders serves people best when they help them develop their own initiative and good judgment, enable them to grow, and help them become better contributors (Thomas S Bateman, 2010, p. 66). Around the world, in each community, workplace, organizationRead MoreLeadership Style And Its Impact On The Employees Work Life Balance And Company Production1105 Words   |  5 Pagesemployees work life balance and company production. As a leader when compassion is shown to employees it sends a since of trust and allows a better work environment. When a leader has a closed door policy and is viewed not approachable, it can be disastrous for the overall mission and production of the company. Job-centered leaders closely supervise subordinates to make sure they perform their tasks following the specified procedures. This type of leader relies on reward, punishment, and legitimateRead MoreWhy Leaders Are Born Or Made?1337 Words   |  6 Pagesor made. While the origin of the question is unknown, the answers in response to the question are numerous. The terms leadership and management have become increasingly prevalent in today’s workplace. They are often used in place of each other and in some cases the terms leadership and management are used identically to each other. This has not always been the case. Leadership has a long history that dates as far back as biblical times. According to Bass, â€Å"it is one of the world’s oldest preoccupations†

Research in Business Modern Business World

Question: Discuss about the Research in Businessfor Modern Business World. Answer: Project Tittle: Development of the Businesses in the Modern Business World This project explores this phenomenon by describing the statement of the problem, objectives and a brief methodology to be undertaken in the development of the project. Statement of a Problem Discovering the developments businesses in the modern business world. Aims and Objectives To explore the rate of growth of firms. To determine the use of technology, innovation, and inventions in the commerce. To investigate the effect of government on firms. Brief Methodology Literature Review: The project will be an explanatory one. Guest, (2013) explains that projects researchers often have an idea about the statement of the problem. Therefore, this project will utilize the related sources to examine the depth of research by other scholars on the problem on hand. Additionally, the project will explore theoretical knowledge that the business industry has developed. A lot of information will be obtained by the use of the critical research. Data series and Surveys: For the best data to be collected from the respondent, both quantitative, as well as qualitative methods, will apply. For the first one, the researcher will require the respondent to give both discrete and continuous data in the form of numerical figures (Hussein, 2015). For instance, the researcher will ask how many companies the respondent knows have become international. That would assist the rate at which firms are growing. Alternatively, the researcher will use ask for business statistics which most likely will be a continuous data. For instance, he or she might quote that in the year 2015/2016, the number of enterprises entering the industry increased from 13.4 percent to 14.6 percent (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2017). That shows the sector is gradually growing. Observing Major Business Development Indicators: Besides, the quantitative method may still be incomplete. At times, the researcher will use the qualitative method. This will assist the surveyors to get more information. The interviewees will explain, describe, interpret and illustrate possible situations. For instance, they may say the introduction of the computers, new machinery and equipment has assisted the business field in developing technologically. Favorable sampling methods will have to be utilized. This paper will recommend the research team to use three techniques. Two which are non-probability and one which is a probability method. The two will be numerical and snowballing methods. The first one is very effective since the best subjects chosen to represent their fields (Wang Han, 2015). For example, they could be from sales, accounting, management or production business departments. The snowballing will assist in interconnecting the respondents. For instance, identifying a manufacturer will refer the researcher to all members present in the logistics industry chain. The random probability skill will be used since it is the cheapest (Ritchie, Lewis Elam, 2013). Respondents will just be identified randomly and utilized for the study. During data recording and collection, interviews will be held. They could be individual or group discussion. Questionnaires will also be administered. The respondents must have enough time to explain their ideas based on their knowledge. Confidential information such as the details of the people will be concealed particularly when sensitive information is revealed. At times, secondary sources of data will be used. For instance, the journals, business magazines, and the internet. The researchers will add on the information not captured from the interviewees. Lastly, the data will proceed to the analysts for selecting, eliminating and compiling the relevant data on files. The analyzed data will then be interpreted to give answers to the questions or aims posted at the beginning of the research. It will then be simplified into graphs and illustrations References Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Counts of Australian Businesses, including Entries and Exits, Jun 2012 to Jun 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2017, from Guest, G. (2013). Describing mixed methods research an alternative to typologies. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 7(2), 141-151. Hussein, A. (2015). The use of triangulation in social sciences research: Can qualitative andQuantitative methods be combined? Journal of Comparative SocialWork, 4(1). 1-4. Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Elam, R. G. (2013). Selecting samples. Qualitative research practice: AGuide for social science students and researchers, 111. Wang, Y. L., Han, Q. L. (2015). Quantitative analysis and synthesis for networked control Systems with non?uniformly distributed packet dropouts and interval time?varyingSampling periods. International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control, 25(2), 282-300. Other Journals Articles Acharya, A. S., Prakash, A., Saxena, P., Nigam, A. (2013). Sampling: Why and how of it. Indian Journal of Medical Specialties, 4(2), 330-333. Costa, L. D., Remedios, R. (2014). Different methods, different results: Examining the implications of methodological divergence and implicit processes for Achievement goal research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 8(2), 162-179. Daigneault, P. M. (2014). Reassessing the concept of policy paradigm: Aligning ontology andMethodology in policy studies. Journal of European Public Policy, 21(3), 453-469. Salganik, M. J., Levy, K. E. (2015). Wiki surveys: Open and quantifiable social dataCollection. PloS one, 10(5), e0123483. Uprichard, E. (2013). Sampling: bridging probability and non-probability designs. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 16(1), 1-11. Vorley, T., Rodgers, P. (2014). Home is where the business is: Incidents in everyday life and The formation of home-based businesses. International Small Business Journal, 32(4), 428-448. Yilmaz, K. (2013). Comparison of quantitative and qualitative research traditions: Epistemological, theoretical, and methodological differences. European Journal of Education, 48(2), 311-325.

How does Shakespeare reveal Shylock to us in Act III Scene 1 Essay Example For Students

How does Shakespeare reveal Shylock to us in Act III Scene 1 Essay Our impressions of the character Shylock before Act III Scene 1 are of a money daft man. He seems to be more concerned about his ducats rather than the loss of his daughter, showing that he is very obsessed with wealth and most certainly greedy, and a miser in every possible way. An example of this is when he wont buy new clothes for Lancelot. We also see how much of a miserable and selfish character Shylock is by the way he treats his daughter; for example, he wouldnt allow her to enjoy herself, so he keeps her locked up. However another angle to look at this character is that, we have sympathy for him, he seems to be an outsider in the community and has been a past victim of Antonio after being insulted in public, spat on continuously in addition undercutting Shylocks business. Another aspect of his behaviour to a positive extent is that toward his daughter he is seemingly very protective over her. Solerio and Solanio enter stage at the beginning of Act III Scene 1, discussing a rumour of the loss of one of Antonios ships, said to be wrecked in the waters near Kent. Straight after this, just before Shylock appears they ridicule him and say; Let me say amen betimes, last the devil cross my prayer, for here he comes in the likeness of a Jew. By this we get an insight as to what others see of this character, in this case quite a negative approach as they use imagery of the devil. Solerio and Solanio are both hurling insults at Shylock and have no sympathy for the flight of his daughter, these making us feel that Shylock is not all too welcome in the community, there is a lot of spite for Shylock. When Shylock enters he immediately confronts the two men, Salerio and Solanio accusing them of knowing about his daughters proposed flight. Solanio says that Shylock should have known that a bird leaves its nest once its feathers have grown; suggesting Shylock is very naive to his daughter. He refers to his daughter, Jessica as flesh and blood, conversely Salerio says that the difference between the blood of this father and daughter is like that between black and white, he also calls him callous. Shylock hears the news of Antonios loss, then repeats three times that the merchant must look to his bond making him sound menacing and calculating, he then delivers one of Shakespeares most famous speeches; Hath not a Jew eyes? This speech more or less outlines the fact that he is intent upon revenge, a matter which in Elizabethan times was dangerous territory, as taking revenge was sinful, only God revenges, not the people. Shylock does not know what he will do with the pound of flesh when Salerio asks, he simply suggests To bait fish withal. Then he says if it will feed nothing else, it will feed his revenge. Shylock lusts for his revenge and pound of flesh, consequently doesnt this show how his values are wrong and that as Gratciano stated, he is more animal than man, context of the Great Chain of Being. After all, mercy and forgiveness is a divine quality given by God. The speech begins as Shylock recounts all the times that Antonio has abused, by spitting upon him including undercutting his business; he believes Antonio did this simply because Shylock was a Jew. Shylock claims that a Jew is a man like any other as he states: I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 , .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .postImageUrl , .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 , .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:hover , .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:visited , .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:active { border:0!important; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:active , .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3 .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0dbf5785d2373ead461ced118150a3c3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Analyse the character of the nurse. How does she provide comedy and relief? EssayHe also says that Christians exact revenge when they are wronged, so why shouldnt a Jew do the same? I feel some consideration for Shylock at this point as I believe there may be some discrimination due to his religious beliefs, a further example of this is that Jews only had access to court in Venice. Hospitality for Shylock is very poor in the community as the reader becomes to feel this from the reaction of other characters, however, does he deserve this degree of poor hospitality after the way he has treat his daughter and what he says about her, that he wishes she were dead at his feet. If we sum up all the cases between Shylock and Antonio, morally does Shylock have the right to take the life from Antonio due to the way he has been treat, because he has broken to the terms in the bond, then legally Shylock can take his life, however, should he follow the guidance of moral or legal judgement? When Tubal appears, Shakespeare contrasts him with Shylock, Tubal shows sense thus tells Shylock to calm down furthermore that other men have ill luck too, therefore showing not all Jewish people are the same as Shylock. In act III Scene 2, Lorenzo, Jessica, Salerio and a messenger from Venice enter; Bassanio is given a letter from Antonio which says that the entire merchants ventures have failed due to a disaster at sea. Salerio says that Shylock is determined to have his pound of flesh, no one being able to persuade him other, this making me feel that Shylock is very stubborn and cruel at heart as he effectively wants to murder Antonio. Similarly in Act III Scene 3, my feelings do not differ and I lose all sympathy for Shylock as he instructs a jailer to imprison Antonio. The merchant tries to get Shylock to listen to him; however, the Jew is set upon revenge. Once Shylock has Antonio in court the trial begins, Portia fools Shylock by making him assume she is siding with him and encourage him to go for his pound of flesh, as was stated in the bond, she then later turns the table upon Shylock after he has begun sharpening the knife on his sole. Reflecting his thoughts, that being him sure to win the case and take what he feels rightful from Antonio, as he hates him so much. Here we see Shylock showing no patience building on my negative feeling towards him, a further sense of deeper hatred, moulded upon the basis of his actions. When he sharpens the blade of his knife on the sole of his shoe, he is a blood thirsty man, even though Portia is fooling him into being persistent with his choice, Shylock deserves no respect, he is ultimately a murderer! Portia then throws a spanner in the works and begins to torment Shylock, knowing already his case is flawed by informing him of what can and cant be taken from Antonio. She says that as it was not stated in the bond he cannot spill a drop of blood nor take more or less than exactly a pound of Antonios flesh, this of course making his bond impossible to perform. This therefore meaning to me that Portia too is as callous as Shylock. Now that the case is turned upon Shylock, it is also said that should an alien attempt to wrong a Venetian, they are then to be punished by death. Antonio however, shows mercy, he does not wish for death to be brought upon Shylock, but he must convert to Christianity, he is also spared half his wealth. Once Shylock is informed of his punishment I feel that the Christians are being too fair. Shylock, a man greedy for not only money but the blood of a Christian should have been executed. Christians show mercy for him, sparing both his life and half of his wealth, however, they are not punished themselves for their behaviour also as I believe they should have, after all Antonio did assault Shylock earlier and Portia was instrumental in Shylocks decision, although these people are not killers and dont show intent upon the death of Shylock. .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 , .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .postImageUrl , .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 , .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:hover , .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:visited , .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:active { border:0!important; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:active , .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7 .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u11fb7ff1b2cfc2585377bfc9eba7dab7:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Our Day Out by Willy Russell EssayI personally think that our views change towards Shylock, as we begin Act III Scene 1 feeling hatred for this character, if we catalogue all the complaints made against Antonio moreover how the Christians behave, such as Portia in court, perhaps being just as callous as Shylock, and then we have some sympathy for him. He almost seems out numbered against the Christians, although he was given a fair chance in court, he just failed to consider his bond thoroughly and thus the fault, barring him to perform his act of justice. Had Antonio not assaulted Shylock then no conflict would have been brought about, as no hatred would have developed so I believe Christians in this case are to blame also, I do feel that what Shylock imposed upon Antonio was inhumane, however at the end of the day, Shylock is a greedy selfish and cold hearted man, unlike the Christians he would show no mercy to Antonio he does after all want to murder him.